Bay Cities Construction - Retrofit Pros has been a California licensed contractor for more than 15 years. We pride ourselves as your as your educational resource when considering a major construction project. Bay Cities Construction - Retrofit Pros has published several articles about Seismic Retrofitting (Soft-Story & Foundation Bolt Down) in Los Angeles, Santa Monica, West Hollywood, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, and the South Bay.
This page explains how houses are currently attached to the foundation and what it takes to properly retrofit a wood frame house with a raised foundation in Los Angeles, CA.
What is Foundation Bolt Down?
A foundation bolt down or foundation bolting is a type of seismic retrofit that is performed on single-family homes. A seismic retrofit prepares your home for for the unthinkable - an earthquake. It incorporates several components that include a Foundation Bolt Down or Bracing and the installation of a Seismic Gas Shutoff Valve. Both of these components work together to keep your home safe in the event of a large earthquake.
A Foundation Bolt Down is an economical way of preventing your house from sliding off its foundation, a vulnerability among older homes with a raised foundation (if your home has crawls pace, it has a raised foundation). With seismic activity in Los Angeles on the rise, you may be considering seismically retrofitting your house.. These galvanized steel plates help reinforce your home's existing frame, allowing your foundation to stay connected during an earthquake, helping prevent damage to your home.
The weakest parts of your home are structurally reinforced to be able to resist seismic movement during an earthquake. In many cases structural steel connectors and new wood-frame members are installed. to keep your home and the foundation from separating. Your home experiences extreme lateral loads during an earthquake - something that the wood-frame & nails of your home were never designed to withstand. A typical foundation consisting of a sil, mudsil, cripple wall, and joists can easily handle gravity (vertical loads) but cannot withstand significant shear loads. As a result, these components can become separated during a large earthquake and cause significant damage to your entire home. But a foundation bolt down can help prevent significant damage, and quite possibly save your home. In the picture above you can see the installation of a Simpson Strong-Tie Universal Foundation Retrofit Plate (UFRP).
What is a Seismic Gas Shutoff Valve?
Did you know that fires are the leading cause of property damage after an earthquake? A seismic gas shutoff valve automatically stops the natural-gas supply to your home when it detects a large enough earthquake. We recommend installing a Seismic Gas Shutoff Valve (SGSOV) to every boltdown project as part of a comprehensive retrofit project. A small ball-drop mechanism within the valve can detect large magnitude earthquakes, once shaking is detected the valve is closed and prevents gas from entering your home's gas line. Valves are usually installed in one day and only require a single inspection, this means you'll need a professional like us to get this valve installed.
This small and inexpensive device can dramatically decrease the possibility of fire damage caused by an earthquake. The automatic gas shutoff valve is installed in one day and is relatively inexpensive. For a few hundred dollars, this device can help prevent fires caused by ruptured gas lines, helping protect your multi-million dollar home.
What Can Happen During an Earthquake?
In 2008 Dr Lucy Jones of the U.S. Geological Survey lead a group of over 300 scientists, structural engineers, and first responders to answer just what would happen to Southern California if the San Andreas fault caused a 7.8 magnitude earthquake.
“What happens after a magnitude 7.8 earthquake according to the California ShakeOut Scenario?
- 1,800 deaths & 50,000 injuries
- 40% from collapse of soft-story and non-ductile concrete buildings
- $213 billion of economic loss throughout SoCal
- $47.7 billion from shaking damage
- $65 billion from fire damage
- $96.2 billion from business interruption costs
- $4.3 billion from traffic delays”
How to Protect a 'Tall & Skinny'
Tall & Skinny homes are the most common type of home in Manhattan Beach, Hermosa Beach, and Redondo Beach.
FEMA Trained & Certified
You'll get piece of mind knowing that your seismic retrofit is being handled by FEMA Trained Staff - We are approved for the CEA/CAL-OES EARTHQUAKE BRACE+BOLT grant program.
What Can Happen to a Home That Hasn't Been Retrofitted?
Homes built in the 1990's meet stronger building codes and will probably withstand minimal damage during an earthquake, but older homes built in the 1940's and 1950's are capable of sustaining significant damage. A home that is properly retrofitted can withstand shaking produced by a powerful earthquake, but a home that has not been retrofitted will likely suffer damage and quite possibly collapse. After all, over 50% of homes in Los Angeles were built before the 1950's
The video below shows a full-scale shake test conducted by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED) in Japan. It shows two structures on the shake table, the one on the left is retrofitted properly while the structure on the right is built without additional reinforcement. In the video you can see how a retrofitted structure withstands the shaking.
Time to Prep.
- Foundation Assessment
- Work Agreement Signed
- Plans are Sent to City
- Permits are Processed
- Shutoff Valve Installed
- Foundation Bolted
Sit Back and Relax.
- Work Completed
- Inspection Passed
- Project is Done
What is the Earthquake Brace + Bolt Program?
Every year thousands of qualifying homes across California are selected to receive $3,000 in grants to help pay for a residential retrofit (foundation bolt down).
The program us funded by the California Residential Mitigation Program (CRMP), the California Earthquake Authority (CEA) and the Governor's Office of Emergency Services (CalOES). Homeowners who reside in qualifying zip codes can apply to receive a grant from the Brace+ Bolt program.
Even if you are not chosen for a grant you can still retrofit your home. A seismic retrofit is affordable way to protect your home with or without a grant. Learn how our team can retrofit your home in less than two weeks. Want to know if your home qualifies for a rebate? Call us at 888-881-7355 today!
How Your Home Will Behave in an Earthquake (courtesy of Simpson Strong-Tie)
During an earthquake your home will experience significant seismic forces, the design and age of your home will determine just how much damage your home will sustain. The three images above show how your home may behave during an earthquake, Racking will move the home side to side causing it to collapse, An earthquake can also cause your home to slide of it's foundation or completely overturn.
What is the process of doing a Foundation Bolting?
1. Week One
- The retrofit process starts as soon as you call us - we'll send you some informational materials so you can learn more about residential seismic retrofits and learn about foundation bolting. After our fist conversation our team will call to set up an appointment.
- At our appointment we visually inspect your home's foundation and determine what type of retrofit is best for your home - we;'ll also give you an estimated cost for your project.. If you think we are the right team for your project we begin the permit process right away.
- We prepare all the necessary Standard .Plan #1 and drawings that the city requires to issue a permit.
2. Week Two
- Work begins - the first day our team arrives we inspect the foundation again. We also make sure to prep the work area and bring in our equipment.
- Depending on the size and complexity of your project, constriction can take as little as 5 business days or 7 business days..
3. Week Three
- Once our work is completed and passes final inspection, you can go back to life as normal knowing your home is protected against earthquakes.
How Do I Get Started?
The first thing you want to do is pick up the phone and call the Retrofit Pros team at 888-881-7355. Our team will help you identify of your home is a good candidate for a seismic retrofit. Our team will then send you informational materials to help you understand all the benefits of protecting your home with a foundation bolt down.
You can schedule a meeting with one of our qualified team members at your property to visually inspect your home and give you an estimated cost for your project. If you decide to hire our team we will get started right away to develop a game plan. We will prepare a standard plan #1 to submit to the city and obtain all necessary permits for your project.
You can get the Property Owner’s Guide courtesy of Los Angeles Department of Building and Safety as part of our free everything you need to know about soft story e-book